Japan: Abe gets green light for Japan corporate tax cut
05 June 2014
Posted by: Author: Jonathan Soble
Author: Jonathan Soble (Financial Times)
Shinzo Abe has cleared the main obstacle to his plan to cut
Japanese corporate income taxes, securing conditional approval from a pair of
powerful groups that had opposed the idea – the finance ministry and tax
experts in his own party.
But now the question is whether the prime minister can
engineer a broader overhaul of the corporate tax system to address one of its
most obvious failings: that in spite of high official rates, only three in 10
Japanese companies pay income tax.
After a series of meetings this week, Taro Aso, the finance
minister, and Takeshi Noda, the head of the Liberal Democratic party’s internal
committee on tax issues, both told Mr Abe they were open to cutting corporate
income taxes as long as new "stable sources” of revenue could be found.
That demand has been taken to mean shrinking or eliminating
some of the loopholes, exemptions and credits that have placed the corporate
tax burden on a relatively small group of companies.
"We have a narrow tax base because we have so many tax
breaks,” said Yoshikazu Miki, a professor of tax law at Aoyama Gakuin
University who has advised previous governments on reform efforts. "It makes no
sense just to look at the headline rate.”
That rate is high by international standards, at roughly 37
per cent depending on where in the country a company is located. Japan’s rate
remains the second-steepest among countries in the Organisation for Economic
Cooperation and Development, after the US.
Businesses complain that this has made them less
competitive. South Korea, where electronics companies such as Samsung have
surpassed once-dominant Japanese groups, imposes a rate of 24 per cent, a shade
below the OECD average and 10 points less than Japan.
Sadayuki Sakakibara, who on Tuesday took over as the
chairman of the Keidanren business lobby, said that Japan should ultimately aim
for the OECD average of 25 per cent. "I’d like to see a real reduction in the
corporate tax burden, starting in 2015,” he said.
Exactly how far and how fast the rate will come down remains
unclear. The go-ahead from Mr Aso and Mr Noda means that tax cuts can be
included in an update of the Abe administration’s economic growth policies that
is due later this month. But many details are likely to be left for later,
people close to the administration said.
This article first appeared on ft.com.