Eveready Case: s22(4) Trading stock - whether acquired for "no consideration"
05 April 2012
Posted by: SAIT Technical
Eveready v The Commissioner for the SARS (195/11)  ZASCA 36 (29 MARCH 2012)
Tax – Income Tax Act 58 of 1962 – s 22(4) – trading stock – whether acquired for ‘no consideration’.
Section 22 determines the value to be attributed to trading stock when it is taken into account in determining taxable income. The value to be attributed to closing stock is dealt with in s 22(1). In broad terms its value is to be the cost price of the stock, less any allowance that the Commissioner might consider to be just and reasonable for any diminution in its value.
Section 22(2) determines the value to be attributed to opening stock. If it was held as closing stock in the previous year, it is to be the value that was attributed to the stock in determining taxable income for that year. If it was not held as closing stock for the previous year then its value is to be its cost price. The manner in which the cost price of stock is to be determined for the purpose of those sections is specified in some detail in s 22(3).
The appeal centres on s 22(4), which determines the value to be placed on trading stock that was acquired ‘for no consideration’. It provides that the cost price of such stock for purposes of s 22(3) – and hence for determining its cost price where applicable in the earlier subsections – is deemed to be its current market price at the date of acquisition.
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