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Merger of controlled foreign companies

Monday, 19 October 2015   (0 Comments)
Posted by: Author: Heinrich Louw
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Author: Heinrich Louw (Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr)

A South African incorporated and resident company (Applicant) had two subsidiaries that were incorporated and resident in foreign countries, and were CFCs. The first subsidiary (CFC 1) was a listed passive holding company. The second subsidiary (CFC 2) was a privately held intermediate holding company.

In order to consolidate some of the group’s investments, it was proposed that all the assets and liabilities of CFC 1 be transferred to CFC 2 by way of a merger. As a result of the merger, the assets and liabilities of CFC 1 would become that of CFC 2 by operation of law, and CFC 1 would automatically cease to exist.

CFC 2 would issue a single ordinary share at nominal value, ranking pari passu with all other issued ordinary shares, to the Applicant as consideration for the transfer of the assets and liabilities.

SARS ruled that the proposed transaction would constitute an amalgamation transaction in terms of paragraph (c) of the definition of ‘amalgamation transaction’ in s44(1) of the Act.

The definition refers to a transaction:

"(c) (i) in terms of which an amalgamated company which is a foreign company disposes of all of its assets (other than assets it elects to use to settle any debts incurred by it in the ordinary course of its trade) to a resultant company which is a foreign company, by means of an amalgamation, conversion or merger;

(ii) if -

(aa) immediately before that transaction -

(A) that amalgamated company and that resultant company form part of the same group of companies (as defined in section 1);

(B) that resultant company is a controlled foreign company in relation to any resident that is part of the group of companies contemplated in subitem (A); and

(C) any shares in that amalgamated company that are directly or indirectly held by that resultant company are held as capital assets; and

(bb) immediately after that transaction, more than 50 per cent of the equity shares in that resultant company are directly or indirectly held by a resident (whether alone or together with any other person that is a resident and that forms part of the same group of companies as that resident); and

(iii) as a result of which the existence of that amalgamated company will be terminated.”

CFC 1, and therefore the Applicant, would enjoy roll-over relief in respect of the transfer of the assets and liabilities (s44(2) and (3) of the Act).

The Applicant would also enjoy roll-over relief in respect of the disposal of its shares in CFC 1, and would establish a base cost in the consideration share issued by CFC 2 equal to the base cost it had in its shares in CFC 1. The issue of the consideration share would also not be treated as a dividend in respect of the shares in CFC 1 (s (6)(c) of the Act).

Since the proposed transaction would constitute an ‘amalgamation transaction’ as defined, s9H(6)(a) of the Act would also apply to provide relief from any exit charge that could arise as a result of CFC 1 ceasing to be a CFC.

SARS also ruled that s24BA of the Act, which attempts to curb value mismatches in transactions where assets are transferred in return for the issue of shares, would not apply. Unfortunately it is not clear on what basis SARS ruled that s24BA of the Act would not apply, and specifically whether it was because there would be no value mismatch, the parties would transact at arm’s length, or one of the exemptions in s24BA(4) would apply.

This article first appeared on



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